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In striving to create a definition for an effective choral conductor, his/her persona and role as effective teacher, motivator, communicator and leader have been discussed. Apart from the obvious ability to communicate music meaning through gesture, and the conductor’s role as rehearsal technician, the effective conductor has the ability to inspire, through a culmination of his/her development as teacher, motivator, communicator and leader. The extensive knowledge and skills that ought to be part of a choral conductor’s make-up are discussed and examined in this chapter. It is very important that a choral conductor be equipped with comprehensive musicianship skills, efficient skills in score study, knowledge about auditions, sufficient knowledge and insight into choral literature, disciplined and well-ordered rehearsal techniques, the ability to communicate successfully, knowledge about accompaniment, leadership and management skills, informed insight into the art of performance, satisfactory awareness of performance practices and a reliable conducting technique. In the rehearsal situation, the choral conductor will call upon a repertoire of means to attain the performance goal, and it is his/her mastery of the various technical skills and understanding of what is required in order to achieve goals that will make the conductor a craftsman/craftswoman. Collingwood (1938:27) referred to technique as an essential tool of the craftsman, though technique is not enough to make the craftsman an artist.