UV-Denaturation Assay to Assess Protein Photostability and Ligand-Binding Interactions Using the High Photon Flux of Diamond B23 Beamline for SRCD
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Light irradiation with high photon flux in the vacuum and far-UV region is known to denature the conformation of biopolymers. Measures are in place at Diamond Light Source B23 beamline for Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) to control and make this effect negligible. However, UV denaturation of proteins can also be exploited as a novel method for assessing biopolymer photostability as well as ligand-binding interactions. Usually, host-ligand binding interactions can be assessed monitoring CD changes of the host biopolymer upon ligand addition. The novel method of identifying ligand binding monitoring the change of relative rate of UV denaturation using SRCD is especially important when there are very little or insignificant secondary structure changes of the host protein upon ligand binding. The temperature study, another method used to determine molecular interactions, can often be inconclusive when the thermal effect associated with the displacement of the bound solvent molecules by the ligand is also small, making the determination of the binding interaction inconclusive. Herein we present a review on the UV-denaturation assay as a novel method to determine the relative photostability of protein formulations as well as the screening of ligand-binding interactions using the high photon flux Diamond B23 beamline for SRCD.