The discipline of minority issues in the Russian Federation
SubjectRussia; Russian Federation; Minorities; Nationalities; Indigenous peoples; National cultural autonomy; Soviet legacy
The Russian Federation presents a rich pattern of different nationalities within its population and represents a unique, original model of governance of ethnic diversity. This model is based on both territorial and non-territorial instruments. The former are based on the 22 'ethnic' Republics (21 + Crimea), which have a titular nationality each; the latter on the Federal normative framework and on the system of the Non-Territorial Cultural Autonomies. The article describes the Russian model, first considering its historical background (with particular reference to the Soviet legacy) and then analyzing the inherent legislation. In particular, the article takes into account the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Constitutions of the 22 Republics. Then, it analyzes the Federal legislation, considering the laws dedicated to languages, culture, education and to the National Cultural Autonomy. A specific paragraph evaluates the legislation dedicated to the Indigenous Peoples, which aims to protect their traditional way of life and economic structure. Finally, some considerations are drafted on the effects and effectiveness of the analyzed juridical instruments, including concerns about the lack of actual political participation of minorities.
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Pan Ch; Pfeil BS; Videsott P (Verlag Österreich; Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, 2018)With the first edition of Volume 1 of the Minorities Handbook which appeared in 2000 in German and in 2003 in English, it was possible for the first time for research into European minorities to be presented on a solid, ...
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Palermo F; Sabanadze N (Nijhoff Publ., 2011)Ethno-cultural and State boundaries seldom overlap. Almost all States have minorities of some kind, with many belonging to communities which transcend State frontiers. These communities often serve as a bridge between ...