La transizione energetica nella macroregione alpina: definizione della situazione di partenza
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SubjectRenewable Energy; Energy Efficiency; Bottom-up Data Collection; EU Macro Strategies; Smart Energy Transition; EUSALP Area; Energy Planning
Territorial energy system are urged to define energy transition strategies. Energy transition poses several challenges, and needs coordinated actions and deep understanding of actual conditions. An example of cross-border agreement is the European macro-regional strategy for the Alpine region, aiming to become a model region for energy efficiency and renewable energy. This study supports policy-makers by providing a first picture of the energy balance of the EUSALP area and an overview on the local energy targets. Data has been retrieved by a bottom-up approach via an on-line semi-structured questionnaire. We found that the EUSALP region is a front runner in renewable electricity production. Interestingly, a great variety emerges in local energy targets, as well as in local share of renewables. We suggest to develop a harmonized data collection methodology in order to enable standardization in data analysis and monitoring. The study concludes that reliable and updated knowledge is needed to support and legitimate cross-border energy strategies design and implementation, in order for EUSALP to take a leading role in the smart energy transition.
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