Integrated solar thermal facade system for building retrofit
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In the perspective of the Net Zero Energy Buildings as specified in the EPBD 2010/31/EU, we propose the concept and design of a modular unglazed solar thermal (UST) facade component for facilitating the installation of active solar facades. The renovation of existing buildings offers an opportunity to improve the energy efficiency when using such a system and a novel design methodology tackled via a parametric approach is here proposed. We analysed a variety of building typologies as potential application targets of the UST collector, properly sizing the collector field for each typology to match the heat loads profile. We investigated the thermal behaviour of the novel thermal facade component and the energy potentiality in covering the heat demand using the TRNSYS software's model of the UST collector field as a part of a combisystem. We concluded with the definition of rules of thumb for early design stage. The work here presented demonstrates that the low-cost, the versatile modularity and the easy installation make this active solar facade an innovative and promising technology for the building stock transformation, despite of the low quality of the produced energy due to the low outcome temperature of the unglazed collector. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.