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dc.contributor.authorMaixner F
dc.contributor.authorThomma A
dc.contributor.authorCipollini G
dc.contributor.authorWidder S
dc.contributor.authorRattei T
dc.contributor.authorZink A
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-30T15:30:32Z
dc.date.available2018-10-30T15:30:32Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099994
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84903289160&doi=10.1371/journal.pone.0099994∂nerID=40&md5=fd7445bd13039a5df05e4cec22a2f528
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10863/6803
dc.description.abstractAncient hominoid genome studies can be regarded by definition as metagenomic analyses since they represent a mixture of both hominoid and microbial sequences in an environment. Here, we report the molecular detection of the oral spirochete Treponema denticola in ancient human tissue biopsies of the Iceman, a 5,300-year-old Copper Age natural ice mummy. Initially, the metagenomic data of the Iceman's genomic survey was screened for bacterial ribosomal RNA (rRNA) specific reads. Through ranking the reads by abundance a relatively high number of rRNA reads most similar to T. denticola was detected. Mapping of the metagenome sequences against the T. denticola genome revealed additional reads most similar to this opportunistic pathogen. The DNA damage pattern of specifically mapped reads suggests an ancient origin of these sequences. The haematogenous spread of bacteria of the oral microbiome often reported in the recent literature could already explain the presence of metagenomic reads specific for T. denticola in the Iceman's bone biopsy. We extended, however, our survey to an Iceman gingival tissue sample and a mouth swab sample and could thereby detect T. denticola and Porphyrimonas gingivalis, another important member of the human commensal oral microflora. Taken together, this study clearly underlines the opportunity to detect disease-associated microorganisms when applying metagenomics-enabled approaches on datasets of ancient human remainsen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights
dc.titleMetagenomic analysis reveals presence of Treponema denticola in a tissue biopsy of the Icemanen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.date.updated2018-10-30T15:25:04Z
dc.language.isiEN-GB
dc.journal.titlePLoS ONE
dc.description.fulltextopenen_US


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