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dc.contributor.authorVerginelli F
dc.contributor.authorCapelli C
dc.contributor.authorCoia V
dc.contributor.authorMusiani M
dc.contributor.authorFalchetti M
dc.contributor.authorOttini L
dc.contributor.authorPalmirotta R
dc.contributor.authorTagliacozzo A
dc.contributor.authorDe Grossi Mazzorin I
dc.contributor.authorMariani-Costantini R
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-30T15:10:39Z
dc.date.available2018-10-30T15:10:39Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.issn0737-4038
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msi248
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-27844457539&doi=10.1093/molbev/msi248∂nerID=40&md5=a9be9e8f74b035ca32304ddde6c9c541
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10863/6796
dc.description.abstractThe question of the origins of the dog has been much debated. The dog is descended from the wolf that at the end of the last glaciation (the archaeologically hypothesized period of dog domestication) was one of the most widespread among Holarctic mammals. Scenarios provided by genetic studies range from multiple dog-founding events to a single origin in East Asia. The earliest fossil dogs, dated ≈17-12,000 radiocarbon (14C) years ago (YA), were found in Europe and in the Middle East. Ancient DNA (a-DNA) evidence could contribute to the identification of dog-founder wolf populations. To gain insight into the relationships between ancient European wolves and dogs we analyzed a 262-bp mitochondrial DNA control region fragment retrieved from five prehistoric Italian canids ranging in age from ≈15,000 to ≈3,000 14C YA. These canids were compared to a worldwide sample of 547 purebred dogs and 341 wolves. The ancient sequences were highly diverse and joined the three major clades of extant dog sequences. Phylogenetic investigations highlighted relationships between the ancient sequences and geographically widespread extant dog matrilines and between the ancient sequences and extant wolf matrilines of mainly East European origin. The results provide a-DNA support for the involvement of European wolves in the origins of the three major dog clades. Genetic data also suggest multiple independent domestication events. East European wolves may still reflect the genetic variation of ancient dog-founder populations. © The Author 2005. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights
dc.titleMitochondrial DNA from prehistoric canids highlights relationships between dogs and South-East European wolvesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.date.updated2018-10-30T14:57:51Z
dc.language.isiEN-GB
dc.journal.titleMolecular Biology and Evolution
dc.description.fulltextnoneen_US


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