Estrogen receptor signaling in the ferutinin-induced osteoblastic differentiation of human amniotic fluid stem cells
La Sala GB
De Pol A
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AIMS: Ferutinin is a diaucane sesquiterpene with a high estrogenic activity. Since ferutinin is able to enhance osteoblastic differentiation of human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFSCs), the aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the estrogen receptors α (ERα) and G-protein coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) in ferutinin-mediated osteoblastic differentiation. Moreover, it was investigated if MEK/ERK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways are involved in ferutinin-induced effects. MAIN METHODS: hAFSCs were cultured in a standard medium or in an osteoblastic medium for 14 or 21days and ferutinin was added at 10-8M. Immunofluorescence techniques and Western-blot 21analysis were used to study estrogen receptors and signaling pathways. KEY FINDINGS: In both undifferentiated and differentiated hAFSCs we identified ERα and GPR30 with a nuclear or cytoplasmatic localization, respectively. The presence of ferutinin in the osteoblastic medium leads to an increase in ERα expression. To dissect the role of estrogen receptors, MPP and G15 were used to selectively block ERα and GPR30, respectively. Notably, ferutinin enhanced osteoblastic differentiation in cells challenged with G15. Ferutinin was able to increase ERK and Akt phosphorylations with a different timing activation. These phosphorylations were antagonized by PD0325901, a MEK inhibitor, and wortmannin, a PI3K inhibitor. Both MPP and G15 inhibited the ferutinin-induced MEK/ERK and PI3K/Akt pathway activations. In the osteoblastic condition, PD0325901, but not wortmannin, reduced the expression of OPN and RUNX-2, whereas ferutinin abrogated the down-modulation triggered by PD0325901.