Reshoring: Does home country matter?
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The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the home country on reshoring processes. Using a sample of 529 cross-industry reshoring initiatives from five countries (i.e., US, Germany, UK, France, Italy), we find that these initiatives significantly differ in terms of industry, entry mode choice, firm size and motivations among the countries analyzed. This study contributes to both reshoring and international business literature by highlighting the influence that the home country platform exerts in manufacturing repatriations. The study provides also significant implications for policy makers at a time when several governments are considering the economic and employment potential of reshoring.