Now showing items 22-41 of 55

    • Human microevolution and the atlantic slave trade: A case study from Säo Tomé 

      Coelho M; Coia V; Luiselli D; Useli A; Hagemeijer T; Amorim A; Destro-Bisol G; Rocha J (2008)
      Populations derived from the Atlantic slaving process provide unique opportunities for studying key evolutionary determinants of current patterns of human cultural and biological variation. Examination of the genetic ...
    • Human perception on symmetry, raw material and size of Palaeolithic handaxes 

      Tumler D; Basell L; Coward F (2017)
      It has often been assumed that handaxes were crafted and used primarily by adult males (Hawkes et al. 1997; Kohn & Mithen 1999; Niekus et al. 2012). However, there is no clear scientific or ethnographic evidence to ...
    • The Iceman's Last Meal Consisted of Fat, Wild Meat, and Cereals 

      Maixner F; Turaev D; Cazenave-Gassiot A; Janko M; Krause-Kyora B; Hoopmann MR; Kusebauch U; Sartain M; Guerriero G; O'Sullivan N; Teasdale M; Cipollini G; Paladin A; Mattiangeli V; Samadelli M; Putzer A; Tecchiati U; Meissen J; Palazoglu M; Rausch P; Lösch S; Kim BJ; Baines JF; Gostner P; An HJ; Malfertheiner P; Egarter-Vigl E; Stark RW; Keller A; Bishop D; Wenk M; Engstrand L; Moritz RL; Bradley DG; Fiehn O; Nebel A; Oeggl K; Doble P; Franke A; Rattei T; Grimm R; Zink A (2018)
      The history of humankind is marked by the constant adoption of new dietary habits affecting human physiology, metabolism, and even the development of nutrition-related disorders. Despite clear archaeological evidence for ...
    • Italian isolates today: Geographic and linguistic factors shaping human biodiversity 

      Bisol G; Anagnostou P; Batini C; Battaggia C; Bertoncini S; Boattini A; Caciagli L; Calò C; Capelli C; Capocasa M; Castrì L; Ciani G; Coia V; Corrias L; Crivellaro F; Ghiani M; Luiselli D; Mela C; Melis A; Montano V; Paoli G; Sanna E; Rufo F; Sazzini M; Taglloli L; Tofanelli S; Useli A; Vona G; Pettener D (2008)
      We briefly review the current status of anthropological and genetic studies of isolated populations and of their micro-evolutionary and biomedical applications, with particular emphasis on European populations. Thereafter, ...
    • Linguistic, geographic and genetic isolation: A collaborative study of italian populations 

      Capocasa M; Anagnostou P; Bachis V; Battaggia C; Bertoncini S; Biondi G; Boattini A; Boschi I; Brisighelli F; Calò C; Carta M; Coia V; Corrias L; Crivellaro F; De Fanti S; Dominici V; Ferri G; Francalacci P; Franceschi Z; Luiselli D; Morelli L; Paoli G; Rickards O; Robledo R; Sanna D; Sanna E; Sarno S; Sineo L; Taglioli L; Tagarelli G; Tofanelli S; Vona G; Pettener D; Bisol G (2014)
      The animal and plant biodiversity of the Italian territory is known to be one of the richest in the Mediterranean basin and Europe as a whole, but does the genetic diversity of extant human populations show a comparable ...
    • Metagenomic analysis reveals presence of Treponema denticola in a tissue biopsy of the Iceman 

      Maixner F; Thomma A; Cipollini G; Widder S; Rattei T; Zink A (2014)
      Ancient hominoid genome studies can be regarded by definition as metagenomic analyses since they represent a mixture of both hominoid and microbial sequences in an environment. Here, we report the molecular detection of ...
    • miRNAs in ancient tissue specimens of the Tyrolean Iceman 

      Keller A; Kreis S; Leidinger P; Maixner F; Ludwig N; Backes C; Galata V; Guerriero G; Fehlmann T; Franke A; Meder B; Zink A; Meese E (2017)
      The analysis of nucleic acids in ancient samples is largely limited to DNA. Small noncoding RNAs (microRNAs) are known to be evolutionary conserved and stable. To gain knowledge on miRNAs measured from ancient samples, we ...
    • Mitochondrial DNA from prehistoric canids highlights relationships between dogs and South-East European wolves 

      Verginelli F; Capelli C; Coia V; Musiani M; Falchetti M; Ottini L; Palmirotta R; Tagliacozzo A; De Grossi Mazzorin I; Mariani-Costantini R (2005)
      The question of the origins of the dog has been much debated. The dog is descended from the wolf that at the end of the last glaciation (the archaeologically hypothesized period of dog domestication) was one of the most ...
    • Mitochondrial, Y-chromosomal and autosomal variation in Mbenzele Pygmies from the Central African Republic 

      Anagnostou P; Coia V; Spedini G; Destro-Bisol G (2010)
      In this paper, we carry out a combined analysis of autosomal (ten microsatellites and an Alu insertion), mitochondrial (HVR-1 sequence, 360 nucleotides) and Y-chromosomal (seven microsatellites) variation in the Mbenzele ...
    • Mitogenomic data indicate admixture components of Central-Inner Asian and Srubnaya origin in the conquering Hungarians 

      Neparáczki N; Maróti Z; Kalmár T; Kocsy K; Maár K; Bihari P; Nagy I; Fóthi E; Pap I; Kustár Á; Pálfi G; Raskó I; Zink A; Török T (2018)
      It has been widely accepted that the Finno-Ugric Hungarian language, originated from proto Uralic people, was brought into the Carpathian Basin by the conquering Hungarians. From the middle of the 19th century this view ...
    • Morphologic-anthropological investigations in tomb K93.12 at Dra' Abu el-Naga (Western Thebes, Egypt) 

      Lösch S; Moghaddam N; Paladin A; Rummel U; Hower-Tilmann E; Zink A (2014)
      In this study we present the analysis of the human remains from tomb K93.12 in the Ancient Egyptian necropolis of Dra' Abu el-Naga, located opposite the modern city of Luxor in Upper Egypt on the western bank of the Nile. ...
    • A multi-perspective view of genetic variation in Cameroon 

      Coia V; Brisighelli F; Donati F; Pascali V; Boschi I; Luiselli D; Battaggia C; Batini C; Taglioli L; Cruciani F; Paoli G; Capelli C; Spedini G; Destro-Bisol G (2009)
      In this study, we report the genetic variation of autosomal and Y-chromosomal microsatellites in a large Cameroon population dataset (a total of 11 populations) and jointly analyze novel and previous genetic data (mitochondrial ...
    • New insights into the Tyrolean Iceman's origin and phenotype as inferred by whole-genome sequencing 

      Keller Ab; Graefen A; Ball M; Matzas M; Boisguerin V; Maixner F; Leidinger P; Backes C; Khairat R; Forster M; Stade B; Franke A; Mayer J; Spangler J; McLaughlin S; Shah M; Lee C; Harkins T; Sartori A; Moreno-Estrada A; Henn B; Sikora M; Semino O; Chiaroni J; Rootsi S; Myres N; Cabrera V; Underhill P; Bustamante C; Vigl E; Samadelli M; Cipollini G; Haas J; Katus H; O'Connor Bq; Carlson M; Meder B; Blin Ns; Meese E; Pusch C; Zink A (2012)
      The Tyrolean Iceman, a 5,300-year-old Copper age individual, was discovered in 1991 on the Tisenjoch Pass in the Italian part of the Ötztal Alps. Here we report the complete genome sequence of the Iceman and show 100% ...
    • The origins of dogs: archaeozoology, genetics, and ancient DNA. Domesticazione ed evoluzione dei cani: dati genetici, archeozoologici e ruolo del DNA antico 

      Verginelli F; Capelli C; Coia V; Musiani M; Falchetti M; Ottini L; Palmirotta R; Tagliacozzo A; Mazzorin IG; Mariani-Costantini R (2006)
      The domestication of the dog from the wolf was a key step in the pathway that led to the Neolithic revolution. The earliest fossil dogs, dated to the end of the last glacial period (17,000 to 12,000 years ago), have been ...
    • Paleopathology in the Piraino mummies as illustrated by X-rays 

      Piombino-Mascali D; Zink A; Panzer S. (2016)
      This paper presents the first radiological investigation of a collection of Sicilian mummies held in a crypt beneath the Mother Church of Piraino, Italy. The chamber contains 26 preserved bodies of religious dignitaries, ...
    • The peopling of Europe and the cautionary tale of Y chromosome lineage R-M269 

      Busby G; Brisighelli F; Sánchez-Diz P; Ramos-Luis E; Martinez-Cadenas C; Thomas M; Bradley D; Gusmão L; Winney B; Bodmer W; Vennemann M; Coia V; Scarnicci F; Tofanelli S; Vona G; Ploski R; Vecchiotti C; Zemunik T; Rudan I; Karachanak S; Toncheva D; Anagnostou P; Ferri G; Rapone C; Hervig T; Moen T; Wilson J; Capelli C (2012)
      Recently, the debate on the origins of the major European Y chromosome haplogroup R1b1b2-M269 has reignited, and opinion has moved away from Palaeolithic origins to the notion of a younger Neolithic spread of these chromosomes ...
    • Phylogeographic Refinement and Large Scale Genotyping of Human Y Chromosome Haplogroup E Provide New Insights into the Dispersal of Early Pastoralists in the African Continent 

      Trombetta B; D'Atanasio E; Massaia A; Ippoliti M; Coppa A; Candilio F; Coia V; Russo G; Dugoujon J; Moral P; Akar N; Sellitto D; Valesini G; Novelletto A; Scozzari R; Cruciani F (2015)
      Haplogroup E, defined by mutation M40, is the most common human Y chromosome clade within Africa. To increase the level of resolution of haplogroup E, we disclosed the phylogenetic relationships among 729 mutations found ...
    • Phylogeography of the human mitochondrial L1c haplogroup: Genetic signatures of the prehistory of Central Africa 

      Batini C; Coia V; Battaggia C; Rocha J; Pilkington M; Spedini G; Comas D; Destro-Bisol G; Calafell F (2007)
      Interindividual variation of human mitochondrial DNA has been extensively studied over the last two decades, and its usefulness for reconstructing evolutionary relationships of extant populations has been proved. However, ...
    • Population Genomic Analysis of Ancient and Modern Genomes Yields New Insights into the Genetic Ancestry of the Tyrolean Iceman and the Genetic Structure of Europe 

      Sikora M; Carpenter ML; Moreno-Estrada A; Henn BM; Underhill PA; Sanchez-Quinto F; Zara I; Pitzalis M; Sidore C; Busonero F; Maschio A; Angius A; Jones C; Mendoza-Revilla J; Nekhrizov G; Dimitrova D; Theodossiev N; Harkins TT; Keller A; Maixner F; Zink A; Abecasis G; Sanna S; Cucca F; Bustamante CD (2014)
      Genome sequencing of the 5,300-year-old mummy of the Tyrolean Iceman, found in 1991 on a glacier near the border of Italy and Austria, has yielded new insights into his origin and relationship to modern European populations. ...