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Tracing the distribution and evolution of lactase persistence in southern Europe through the study of the T-13910 variant
We investigated the occurrence and intra-allelic variability of the T(-13910) variant located upstream of the lactase gene in 965 individuals from 20 different locations of Italy and Greece. The T(-13910) frequency ranges ...
The peopling of Europe and the cautionary tale of Y chromosome lineage R-M269
Recently, the debate on the origins of the major European Y chromosome haplogroup R1b1b2-M269 has reignited, and opinion has moved away from Palaeolithic origins to the notion of a younger Neolithic spread of these chromosomes ...
Demographic histories, isolation and social factors as determinants of the genetic structure of alpine linguistic groups
Great European mountain ranges have acted as barriers to gene flow for resident populations since prehistory and have offered a place for the settlement of small, and sometimes culturally diverse, communities. Therefore, ...
Italian isolates today: Geographic and linguistic factors shaping human biodiversity
We briefly review the current status of anthropological and genetic studies of isolated populations and of their micro-evolutionary and biomedical applications, with particular emphasis on European populations. Thereafter, ...