Now showing items 1-10 of 24
Total Body Water Dynamics Estimated with Bioelectrical Impedance Vector Analysis and B-Type Natriuretic Peptide After Exposure to Hypobaric Hypoxia: A Field Study
The relationship between total body water (TBW) dynamics and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a stable metabolite of B-type natriuretic peptide, during acute high altitude exposure is not known. To ...
Burial duration: depth and air pocket explain avalanche survival patterns in Austria and Switzerland
AIM: To calculate the first Austrian avalanche survival curve and update a Swiss survival curve to explore survival patterns in the Alps. METHODS: Avalanche accidents occurring between 2005/06 and 2012/13 in Austria and ...
Risk of avalanche involvement in winter backcountry recreation: the advantage of small groups
OBJECTIVE: Avalanches are the primary hazard for winter backcountry recreationists and cause numerous deaths and injuries annually. Although recreationists usually travel in groups, there is little empirical knowledge on ...
Apparent cooling rate of 7°C per hour in an avalanche victim
Avalanche victims can become hypothermic within 35 minutes of snow burial. However, reported cooling rates for avalanche victims are highly variable and it is poorly understood how much cooling is influenced by general ...
Safety of laryngeal tubes
Pre-hospital core temperature measurement in accidental and therapeutic hypothermia
Core temperature (T core) measurement is the only diagnostic tool to accurately assess the severity of hypothermia. International recommendations for management of accidental hypothermia encourage T core measurement for ...
In Reply to Dr. Schrimpf
B-lines after ascent to high altitude by flight vs. climbing
Objective: To compare the incidence of B-lines and changes in clinical parameters in participants acutely exposed to hypobaric hypoxia after ascending to high altitude by flight vs. climbing. Study design: Cross-section ...
The effectiveness of avalanche airbags
Aim Asphyxia is the primary cause of death among avalanche victims. Avalanche airbags can lower mortality by directly reducing grade of burial, the single most important factor for survival. This study aims to provide an ...