Considerations on selecting fractional-slot nonoverlapped coil windings
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This paper focuses on the selection of a fractional-slot winding for permanent-magnet (PM) machines. The choice of the proper combination of the number of slots and number of poles, together with the corresponding winding layout, has a strong impact on the PM machine performance, in terms of torque density, torque ripple, magnetomotive force harmonic content, and induced rotor losses, as well as the capability to limit the short-circuit current and other fault-tolerance features. Considering these characteristics, this paper aims to help the PM machine designer to select the proper winding configuration, giving useful indications. The winding choice criteria are given using analytical equations, so that their implementation is easy. In this way, the collection of such criteria becomes a helpful tool in the design process.