Efficient indium-tin-oxide (ITO) free top-absorbing organic photodetector with highly transparent polymer top electrode
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SubjectPlasma treatment; Polymer top electrode; Solution-processable; ITO free; Top-absorbing organic photodetector
We report on an efficient solution-processable, top-absorbing organic photodetector with a polymer top electrode. The layer sequence is inverted, starting with the cathode as bottom electrode instead of an indium-tin-oxide (ITO) anode used in state-of-the-art organic detectors. The device comprises a bulk heterojunction of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as photoactive layer and a double layer of different formulations of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). The lower PEDOT:PSS layer reduces the thermally generated dark current and the upper layer acts as anode. To increase the conductivity of the highly transparent (>90% at 500 nm wave length) PEDOT:PSS electrode ethylene glycol is added. The influence of the anode sheet resistance R(sheet) on important photodiode characteristics is investigated. For R(sheet) = 100 Omega/sq high external quantum efficiency (>70% at 500 nm) and high cut-off frequencies (>400 kHz) can be reached. The performance of these inverted organic photodetectors is shown to be equal to state-of-the-art non-inverted detectors containing an ITO anode. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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