Computational and experimental analysis of the churning power losses in an industrial planetary speed reducer
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Advantages of planetary speed reducers are well known and due to their compact design and power density they are suitable for a wide range of applications. Efficiency is becoming more and more of a main concern in the design of power transmissions and the demand for high efficiency gearboxes is continuously increasing. For this reason it is important to have some models in order to quantify the power losses of those already during the design stage. Some theoretical or semi-empirical models that allow us to estimate losses like those of bearings, of seals, of gear meshing (due to sliding) and, for ordinary gears, those of churning are available in literature. In the case of planetary speed reducers, where the motion of the planet carrier causes a rotatory motion of the planets around the axis of the gearbox, the oil splash lubrication is an important source of losses. This report introduces a multiphase CFD model for the prediction of the churning losses characteristic of planetary gears. The analysis has been carried out by means of an unsteady Volume of Fluid (VOF) model and implemented on a commercial software (Fluent). The whole geometry of the speed reducer and many operating conditions like the rotational speed, the oil level and the operating temperature have been taken into account. Moreover the results of an experimental testing campaign on an especially designed gearbox are presented and compared with the computation ones in order to validate the model. The two approaches give results in good agreement.
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Influence of lubricant temperature, lubricant level and rotational speed on the churning power losses in an industrial planetary speed reducer: computational and experimental study Concli F; Gorla C (2013)Planetary speed reducers are applied in a wide range of applications. Their main advantages are the compact design and high power density. For this reason, the demand for high efficiency gearboxes is continuously increasing ...
Analysis of power losses in an industrial planetary speed reducer: Measurements and computational fluid dynamics calculations Concli F; Conrado E; Gorla C (2014)In this work, experimental and theoretical analyses of the power losses in an industrial planetary speed reducer were performed in order to define the weight of the different types of power losses in the global efficiency ...
Concli F; Gorla C (AGMA, 2017)Energy efficiency represents one of the most relevant drivers in many application fields and power transmission and gears play a critical and fundamental role in many of them, contributing to improve the overall efficiency ...