Drafting the Individualized Education Plan for Students with Special Educational Needs: How Semantic Web Technology Can Help the Teachers
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One major issue emerges out of general observations and consensus in Italy and it concerns the knowledge and assessment of the students with disabilities and Special Educational Needs (SEN). Related to this issue, there is an increasing attention for a specific need: making an accurate assessment of the disabled students’ strengths and weaknesses and, on this basis, building an Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) that can really meet their actual characteristics and needs. Our paper presents the results of a two years’ research project aimed at adopting semantic web technology to draft the IEP for pupils with Special Educational Needs on the basis of WHO’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). This innovative model allows to understand, describe and share pupil’s functioning. It could be positively used by school professionals and health professionals at an international level and it gives the opportunity to use a bio-psycho-social conceptualization of health and functioning.