Development and Application of the Compression Frictional Treatment Method (CFT) for Sterilizing and Valorizing Organic Waste
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Confined animal feeding operations are producing large amounts of organic waste with large fractions being mixtures of manure and sawdust. On one hand, the inhomogeneity of the material and the high water content restrict the optimal application of thermal treatment methods. On the other hand, the high concentration of bacteria in these mixed waste streams is issue of concern. This study introduces a novel process for treating manure & woody biomass mixtures and upgrading them into valuable products. It is defined as Compression Frictional Treatment and takes place continuously in a Rotary Compression Unit. Fresh poultry droppings and fresh anaerobic digester offal from a cattle feedlot were processed by means of Compression Frictional Treatment. Moisture was decreased by 52 % and heating value was increased by 27 % for treated poultry litter. The corresponding values were 63 % moisture decrease and 17 % increase for the heating value of cattle manure. On the aspect of bacteria reduction, the Escherichia coli and the Enterobacteriaceae family of bacterium were reduced by 94 % and 91 % respectively.