Initial thermalization of photoexcited carriers in GaAs studied by femtosecond luminescence spectroscopy
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Relaxation of a nonequilibrium distribution of electrons and holes in GaAs following femtosecond photoexcitation is investigated via spectrally and time-resolved luminescence. A rapid onset of luminescence over a broad range shows that both electrons and holes are redistributed over a wide energy range within 100 fs, even at excitation densities as low as 10(17) cm-3. The data demonstrate carrier-carrier scattering rates higher than predicted by calculations with a statically screened interaction potential. Monte Carlo simulations using dynamical screening account for the experimental results.