Bioprocessing technology to exploit organic palm date (Phoenix dactylifera L. cultivar Siwi) fruit as a functional dietary supplement
Di Cagno R
Mohamed Mamdouh A
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Date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a suitable raw matrix for manufacturing of functional ingredients. The aptitude of selected autochthonous lactic acid bacteria for manufacturing of freeze-dried powder from fermented date fruits puree as dietary supplement with health-promoting features was investigated. Fermentation of date fruits puree with selected Lactobacillus plantarum strains allowed the highest con-centration of c-amino butyric acid, conjugated fatty acids, and insoluble dietary ﬁbers. The highest Trolox equivalent antioxidant activity was also induced. Lactic acid fermentation affected the proﬁle of phenolic acids and ﬂavonoids, enriching date fruits puree in phenolic derivatives with high human bioavailability. Fermented date fruits puree was also capable to modulate positively in vitro the growths of several cul-tivable gut microbial taxa, and enhanced the synthesis of short chain fatty acids. In conclusion, the lactic acid fermentation of date fruits is a suitable tool to achieve a standardized and marketable functional dietary supplement.