Review: Climate change response of vegetation across climatic gradients in Italy
MetadataShow full item record
Italy represents a good model region for assessing vegetation responses to changing climate across a broad climatic range, from Mediterranean warm-dry climate to alpine cold-humid climate. We reviewed results of studies analysing the response of natural vegetation to climate change in Italy, published until July 2016 in peer-reviewed journals. Evidence provided by these studies shows that climate warming is expected overall to enhance plant growth in Italy, but the magnitude of growth stimulation will probably vary among climatic zones, with stronger effects in the cold regions of the alpine climatic zone. Drought, induced by reduced precipitation and/or increased evapotranspiration, can override the positive effects of higher temperatures on plant growth, not only in the Mediterranean warm-dry climatic zone but also in the less dry sub-Mediterranean climatic zone and even in the temperate one. Our review highlighted 2 major research gaps to which future research should be directed. First, there is poor knowledge of how species composition will change in response to changing climate and how this will affect ecosystem functioning in Mediterranean to temperate ecosystems. Second, there is poor knowledge of possible interactions between climate-induced vegetation changes and dynamic processes related to land-use changes.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Chelli S; Wellstein C; Campetella G; Canullo R; Tonin R; Zerbe S; Gerdol R (2017)Italy represents a good model region for assessing vegetation responses to changing climate across a broad climatic range, from Mediterranean warm-dry climate to alpine cold-humid climate. We reviewed results of studies ...
Wegner K; Lambertz C; Daş G; Reiner G; Gauly M (2014)Although the climate in Germany is moderate, heat stress conditions may occur during summer months. However, it is unknown to what extent sow fertility and piglet survival are affected under moderate climatic conditions ...
How are cities planning to respond to climate change? Assessment of local climate plans from 885 cities in the EU-28 Reckien D; Salvia M; Heidrich O; Church JM; Pietrapertosa F; De Gregorio-Hurtado S; D'Alonzo V; Foley A; Simoes SG; Krkoška Lorencová E; Orru H; Orru K; Wejsn A; Flacke J; Olazabal M; Geneletti D; Feliu E; Vasilie S; Nador C; Krook-Riekkola A; Matosović M; Fokaides PA; Ioannou BI; Flamos A; Spyridaki NA; Balzan M; Fülöp O; Paspaldzhiev I; Grafakos S; Dawson R (2018)The Paris Agreement aims to limit global mean temperature rise this century to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels. This target has wide-ranging implications for Europe and its cities, which are the source of ...