Information Technology Controls Quality and Audit Fees: Evidence from Italy
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This study analyzes the impact of Information Technology (IT) Controls quality on control risk and audit fees. The impact is expected to occur when regulation increases sensitiveness to audit risk assessment. The research focuses on IT Controls as part of Internal Control over Financial Reporting, particularly on scoping quality, segregation of duties, and Controls framework compliance. The research was conducted with a questionnaire on a population of Italian listed companies. We find that audit fees are lower for higher IT scoping quality, IT Controls segregation of duties, and IT Controls framework compliance. The overall conclusion is that IT Controls quality is related to lower control risk, audit fees, and audit effort.