In vitro and in vivo survival of mouse blastocysts after repeated vitrification with the open pulled straw (OPS) method
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This study addresses the in vitro and in vivo survival of mouse embryos repeatedly vitrified by the OPS-technique of Vajta et al. (24). Of 225 vitrified blastocysts, after warming one third was cultured in vitro, the other two-thirds were re-vitrified. After these were warmed, the second third was put to culture. With the remaining third the procedure was repeated. Of embryos vitrified once, 97% developed to expanded blastocysts and 81% proceeded to hatching. Corresponding values for embryos re-vitrified once were 93% and 72%, respectively (P>0.05). After another re-vitrification, expansion and hatching rates were reduced to 76% and 35%, respectively (P<0.01). Of 10 recipients provided with 10 embryos each that had been vitrified once, 80% remained pregnant with 5.5 +/- 0.3 fetuses. Corresponding values for re-vitrified embryos were 80% and 5.0 +/- 0.3. Of all embryos transferred, 44% became vital fetuses after a single vitrification, compared to 40% after re-vitrification.