The network of the Italian stock market during the 2008–2011 financial crises
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We build the network of the top 190 Italian quoted companies during the two financial crises of 2008-2009 (US credit crisis) and 2010-2011 (European sovereign debt crisis) and compare its structure to the pre-crises years, using both minimum spanning trees and the full network with thresholds. We also analyze the centrality and compactness of industry sectors. We find a general contraction of the network during the crises, both numerically due to stronger correlation as well as topologically, with the appearance of central dominant companies which attract the other ones into a very large cluster, dominated by financial institutions (commercial banks and insurance companies). In particular, we note the role of insurance behemoth Assicurazioni Generali, which rose from a pre-crises subordinate role to become the central company in the minimum spanning tree after the crises period. The few sectors which maintained compactness before and during the crises are utilities, publishing, and construction.