A multistakeholder analysis of BES data: a focus on health in South Tyrol
The paper develops a multi-stakeholder wellbeing analysis based on BES data (Benessere Equo e Sostenibile, namely “Equitable and Sustainable Wellbeing”) on Health in South Tyrol, in order to highlight convergences and divergences among four selected classes of agents (citizens, local stakeholders, central administrations and for profit institutions). The statistical analysis is based on data of territorial accounting, the URBES report on the city of Bozen and data collected from the local statistical office (ASTAT) through citizens’ satisfaction surveys. Specifically, we read the available data both in absolute and comparative terms, we analyze an ad hoc selection of subjective indicators on health, and we show the interdependencies among data on well-being and economic development. As a result, we obtain a logical framework that narrows the existing gap between an objective approach – mostly based on institutional indicators – and a subjective approach – based on satisfaction surveys. Furthermore, we propose a dashboard approach that pragmatically lead to a rich and extensive interpretation of the available data on well-being. Finally, we single out the most critical issues regarding the improvement of health conditions in South Tyrol, and we provide ad hoc policy recommendations for each class of decision makers. Due to the high level of standardization, we believe that the exercise developed might be easily replicated for other BES domains and other territories, contributing to move forward the research frontier on well-being in Italy (BES project and related analyses).