La complessa soluzione istituzionale adottata in Bosnia ed Erzegovina: finalità ed effetti nel passare del tempo
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After the collapse of socialist Yugoslav, Bosnia and Herzegovina has been the theatre of a terrible conflict, ended thanks to an international effort. This paper analyses the regulation of the form of government adopted in order to ensure the equal standing of the three constituent peoples: Serb, Croat and Bosniak, which fought each other during the civil war. This example of ‘constitutional engineering’ was finalized to favor the appeasement in the area, thus guaranteeing the survival of a multiethnic (federal) State. Over time, these mechanisms evolved into an obstacle for the correct functioning of the institutional system, making the democratic consolidation more difficult. The investigation will verify the factors that contribute to this ‘displacement’.