Experimental–numerical calibration of the fracture locus of weathering steel
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Weathering steel, specifically Cor-Ten (or CORTEN) steel is a material particularly exploited in the last century for various outdoor applications e.g. bridges, building facades, artworks etc. In addition to a tensile strength comparable with other construction steels, the natural oxide of this material, that is apparently common rust, has the same specific volume of the metallic core. This ensures the adhesion of the oxidized protective layer as for aluminium. Therefore, the stable rust layer protects the raw material from further corrosion. This characteristic allows overcoming the need for painting and maintenance. These properties boost the exploitation of Cor-Ten in several civil applications, also where safety is a fundamental requirement e.g. guard rails used, for example, in the South-Tyrolean region along the highways. With the aim of verifying or optimizing such safety applications, it is important to know the ductile behaviour of the material. Indeed, during an impact, the main purpose of the structure is to absorb energy and this implies that large deformations will take place. Experimental quasi-static tests performed on several sample geometries made of Cor-Ten. The same test were also numerically reproduced, to retrieve the actual stress state, quantify the plastic strain at failure and calibrate a ductile damage model. The material model is based on both classical incremental model of plastic response with isotropic hardening and phenomenological concept of damage in continuum mechanic.
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