The effect of palmitoylation on the conformation and physical stability of a model peptide hormone
De Santis E
van der Walle CF
Dos Santos A
MetadataShow full item record
SubjectVasoactive intestinal peptide; Photo-degradation; Conformation; Accelerated stability studies; Drug development; Circular dichroism
Peptides are ideal drug candidates due to their potency and specificity, but suffer from a short half-life and low membrane permeability. Acylation can overcome these limitations but the consequences to stability under different formulation conditions and stresses are largely unreported. Using synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD), we show that palmitoylation of a 28 amino acid peptide hormone (pI 9.82) induced a structural transition from 3(10)-helix to alpha-helix, irrespective of buffer type and pH investigated (5.5-8.0) when compared to the non acylated analogues. These conformational preferences were retained in the presence of non-ionic micelles but not anionic micelles, which induced an a-helical structure for all peptides. Palmitoylation promoted an irreversible peptide denaturation under thermal stress at pH >= 6.5 and increased the propensity for loss of helical structure under high photon flux (here used as a novel accelerated photostability test). The presence of either ionic or non-ionic micelles did not recover these conformational changes over the same irradiation period. These results demonstrate that acylation can change peptide conformation and decrease thermal-/photo-stability, with important consequences for drug-development strategies.
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