Thermodynamics of hydrothermal carbonization: Assessment of the heat release profile and process enthalpy change
Di Maggio R
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SubjectHydrothermal carbonization (HTC); Process enthalpy; Heat release rate; High Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry (HP-DSC); Kinetic evaluation
A reliable and reproducible procedure for the determination of the heat release rate profile and for the enthalpy change of the hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process is applied using High Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry (HP-DSC). Cellulose, wood, and digestate are used as feedstocks. The temperature program is run once to let the process complete in the first run, whereas in the second the thermal effect of products is assessed. A provisional heat release profile is obtained subtracting the two curves, with a very high reproducibility (standard deviations between 1.8 and 8.0%). To consider the heat capacity difference between reactants and products, a baseline is computed and subtracted from the heat release profile. The integral of this curve gives the enthalpy change associated to HTC, which was −0.88, −0.64, and −0.25 MJ/kg for cellulose, wood and digestate respectively. This methodology can be adopted for the development of accurate thermal-based HTC kinetics.
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