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dc.contributor.authorSchirpke U
dc.contributor.authorEgarter Vigl L
dc.contributor.authorTasser E
dc.contributor.authorTappeiner U
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-11T14:56:22Z
dc.date.available2019-11-11T14:56:22Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su11082227
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/8/2227
dc.identifier.urihttps://bia.unibz.it/handle/10863/11227
dc.description.abstractEcosystem services (ESs) are increasingly included into decision-making to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Although both concepts consider the interactions between humans and the environment, spatial relationships between ESs and sustainability have been rarely addressed. Therefore, this study aims at analyzing spatial congruencies and mismatches between ESs and sustainability in the greater Alpine region. Using hot spot and overlap analyses, we overlaid maps of supply, demand and flow of eight key ESs with the spatial distribution of sustainability based on 24 indicators. Our results reveal that, in most cases, supply of and demand for ESs are greatly dislocated. These mismatches are reflected also in the spatial distribution of sustainability. In contrast to ES demand hot spots, supply hot spots are generally characterized by high sustainability levels, especially in relation to the environment. However, due to discrepancies in the social and economic dimensions, it cannot be assumed that ES supply hot spots always correspond to high sustainability. Hence, using ES indicators for measuring sustainability provides rather limited insights. We conclude that both concepts should be applied in a complementary way to maximize ecological, social and economic benefits in land management and planning processes.en_US
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation
dc.rights
dc.subjectSustainability indicatorsen_US
dc.subjectEcosystem services mappingen_US
dc.subjectSocio-ecological systemen_US
dc.subjectEuropean Alpsen_US
dc.subjectSpatial analysisen_US
dc.subjectSupply-demand mismatchesen_US
dc.subjectHot spot analysisen_US
dc.subjectOverlap analysisen_US
dc.titleAnalyzing Spatial Congruencies and Mismatches between Supply, Demand and Flow of Ecosystem Services and Sustainable Developmenten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.date.updated2019-11-08T16:20:56Z
dc.language.isiEN-GB
dc.journal.titleSustainability
dc.description.fulltextopenen_US


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