4-Cyano-α-methyl-l-phenylalanine as a spectroscopic marker for the investigation of peptaibiotic-membrane interactions
De Zotti M
Dalla Bona A
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Two analogs of the ten-amino acid residue, membrane-active lipopeptaibiotic trichogin GA IV, mono-labeled with 4-cyano--methyl-L-phenylalanine, a potentially useful fluorescence and IR absorption probe of the local microenvironment, were synthesized by the solid-phase methodology and conformationally characterized. The single modification was incorporated either at the N-terminus (position 1) or near the C-terminus (position 8) of the peptide main chain. In both cases, the replaced amino acid was the equally helicogenic -aminoisobutyric acid (Aib) residue. We performed a solution conformational analysis by use of FT-IR absorption, CD, and 2D-NMR spectroscopies. The results indicate that both labeled analogs essentially maintain the overall helical propensity of the naturally occurring lipopeptaibiotic. Peptidemembrane interactions were assessed by fluorescence and ATR-IR absorption techniques. Analogies and differences between the two peptides were highlighted. Taken together, our data confirm literature results that some of the spectroscopic parameters of the 4-cyanobenzyl chromophore are sensitive markers of the local microenvironment.
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