Global Mindset in International Virtual Research Teams: A Research Framework and Agenda
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Purpose: Continuous internationalization of R&D leads to an increase of the number and use of virtual teams as innovation drivers. The primary purpose of this paper is to utilize the concept of Global Mindset (GM), which has been proven to be a key to success in international business, for proving its relevance for the performance and success of International Virtual Research Teams (IVRTs). Design/Method: To substantiate our research first, an overview of the relevant literature on IVRTs and GM, highlighting the special context of managing research, is provided. A basic framework is developed and the indirect contribution of GM for outcomes such as satisfaction, innovativeness and performance is derived. Findings: The proposed framework links GM indicators with key success factors of IVRTs (LMX, trust and commitment) identified in previous studies. Respective propositions that highlight important relationships are substantiated and operationalized. The model further suggests a direct relationship of LMX, trust and commitment on the final team success. Finally, implications for future research are discussed such as the need for empirical evidence in different settings. Implications: The GM Concept is a relevant concept in the international management context; hence, it needs to be considered on both the leader’s and follower’s level. Propositions can be used for future empirical studies. Limitations: As a conceptual paper, the focus is on providing a blueprint for promising empirical research and not on early empirical findings. Originality: The paper combines two schools of thought i.e. the literature on IVRT literature and GM. As such it allows for advancing both fields, offers promising research opportunities, and practical insights for successfully managing international research teams.
Available at SSRN 2509794
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