New protocol for production of reduced-gluten wheat bread and pasta and clinical effect in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: A randomised, double-blind, cross-over study
De Angelis M
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It has been suggested that sourdough fermented products have beneficial health effects. Fungal proteases and selected sourdough lactic acid bacteria were used to produce wheat bread and pasta with a reduced-gluten content (<50% of traditional products). Fermentable oligo-, di-and monosaccharides and polyols and amylase/trypsin inhibitors were also evaluated. The sensorial features of new products were similar to traditional ones. The efficacy of these new products in reducing the severity of symptoms in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) patients were compared to traditional bread and pasta using a randomized, crossover-controlled trial. While on a strict gluten-free diet, patients were randomized to consume a reduced-or normal-gluten diet for 2weeks; then, patients from both arms started the wash-out period of one week, and subsequently started the final 2-week period on a normal or reduced-gluten diet. Compared to normal-gluten content, the administration of a reduced-gluten content diet resulted in a decrease of the Visual Analogue Scale score (p = 0.042), while no differences were found in the IBS-Severity Score, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and IBS-Quality of Life. Data herein reported are novel encouraging findings that should spur a new avenue of research aiming to develop products specifically designed for IBS patients.